Explaining the Quran Verse: 1:7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor
Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem
Allahumma Swalli Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin wa Ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Sallim
POINT-1 Quran 1:7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.
QUESTION: WHO ARE THOSE WHOM ALLAH BESTOWED HIS FAVOR?
عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هَوَاهُ تَبَعًا لِمَا جِئْتُ بِهِ”.
حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، رَوَيْنَاهُ فِي كِتَابِ “الْحُجَّةِ” بِإِسْنَادٍ صَحِيحٍ.
POINT-2 On the authority of Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-Aas, who said : The messenger of Allah, said:
”None of you [truely] believes until his inclination is accordance with what I have brought.”
a fine and true hadith which we have transmitted from the book of Hujjah with a sound chain of authorities.
(Hadith 41, Imam Nawawi’s 40 Hadith Book)
Allah says: 49:14 The desert Arabs say, “We believe.” Say, “Ye have no faith; but ye (only)say, ‘We have submitted our wills to Allah,’ For not yet has Faith entered your hearts. But if ye obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not belittle aught of your deeds: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
So one to attain Iman (faith) and to become faithful believer (Mumin) his/her inclinations must be according to Quran and Sunnah.
”None of you [truely] believes until his inclination is accordance with what I have brought.” Which are: Quran (book of Allah) and Sunnah (Traditions)
Traditions of Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be up on him) include: his deeds ,his words,his commands, his advises and total life of Prophet which include everything that related to his holy body,infallible mind mind,and noble soul (holy spirit)
Therefore for a person to become True believer (Mumin) his inclination must be according to what Prophet (alaihiswalathu wa salam) has brought! (i.e Quran,Sunnah (Hadith and traditions)
To follow those (imams) who are in authority among you
Quran 4:59 O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you.
Obey those who are in authority among you, that is to sincerely (not like wahhabis say: blindly!) follow the leaders of the greater majority Muslims.
On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him):
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah (advice, sincerity).” We said “To whom?” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” Related by Muslim.
عَنْ أَبِي رُقَيَّةَ تَمِيمِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ الدَّارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: ”الدِّينُ النَّصِيحَةُ. قُلْنَا: لِمَنْ؟ قَالَ لِلَّهِ، وَلِكِتَابِهِ، وَلِرَسُولِهِ، وَلِأَئِمَّةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَامَّتِهِمْ” .
رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ [رقم: 55].
(40 Hadith Nawawi, Hadith-7)
That is to follow the way of Ahlul Bayt
THEY ARE THOSE WHOM ALLAH BESTOWED HIS FAVOR: The Book of Allah and my family the Ahl al-Bait. These two will not be separated until they meet me at the Fountain (of Kawthar). That is the favor, the certainity (Yaqeen)
QURAN AL BAKARA: 2:4, and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter.
THE ASSURANCE IS: The Book of Allah and my family the Ahl al-Bait. These two will not be separated until they meet me at the Fountain (of Kawthar)
THAT IS THE FAVOR: SURA FATIHA:
1:7 The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.
THAT IS THE TRUE PATH: 1:6 which Muslim asking ALLAH to grant him, atleast 17 times a day in his prayer !
1:6 Show us the straight way,
The Path of Ahlul Bayt, the Path of Imams and Shaykhs of Ahlul bayt, of the greater majority of Muslims, of Awliya Allah, of the Path of Sufism!.
Tirmidhi, denoting it Hassan, and Haakim narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
إني تارك فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلو بعدي: كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي ولن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض، فأنظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما
‘Verily I am leaving in you that to which if you firmly hold onto you will not go astray after me; The Book of Allah and my family the Ahl al-Bait. These two will not be separated until they meet me at the Fountain (of Kawthar), so look (take care) at how you deal with them after me.’ [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 626, Hadith 3788 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 160, Hadith 4711]
Tabarani narrates from Abu Dhar, who said: I heard the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam say:
مثل أهل بيتي فيكم كمثل سفينة نوح في قوم نوح من ركبها نجا ومن تخلف عنها هلك ومثل باب حطة في بني اسرائيل safinah
‘The example of my Ahl al-Bait within you is the example of the Ark of Nuh within the nation of Nuh; whoever boarded it was saved and whoever stayed behind was destroyed. It is also the example of the ‘Hitha’ of the Bani Isra’eel.’ [Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 4, Page 283, Hadith 3506 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 2, Page 427, Hadith 3312]
Ibn Shayba and Musadad in their respective Musnads; Hakeem Tirmidhi in ‘Nawaadir Al Usool’, Abu Ya’laa and Tabarani narrated from Salama bin Aku’ that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
الندم أمان لأهل السماء وأهل بيتي أمان لأمتي
‘The stars are the refuge for the people of the Heavans and my Ahl al-Bait is the refuge for my Ummah.’ [Ibn Hajar in Matalib al-Aaliya, Vol. 4, Page 262, Hadith 3972 | Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 7, Page 22, Hadith 6260 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 101]
It is to follow the main body of Muslims and their Imams
MAIN BODY OF MUSLIM IS: QURAN,AHLUL BAYT,IMAMS,LEADERS OF THE MUSLIMS, SUNNAH AND HADITHSahih Muslim Book 020, Hadith Number 4553.
Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, “People used to ask the Prophet, peace be upon him, about good things, but I used to ask him about bad things because I was afraid that they might overtake me. I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, we were lost in ignorance (jahiliyyah) and evil, then Allah brought this good (i.e. Islam). Will some evil come after this good thing?’ He said, ‘Yes’ I asked, ‘And will some good come after that evil?’ He said, ‘Yes, but it will be tainted with some evil’ I asked, ‘How will it be tainted?’ He said, ‘There will be some people who will lead others on a path different from mine. You will see good and bad in them.’ I asked, ‘Will some evil come after that good?’ He said, ‘Some people will be standing and calling at the gates of Hell; whoever responds to their call, they will throw him into the Fire.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, describe them for us.’ He said, ‘They will be from our own people, and will speak our language.
‘ I asked, ‘What do you advise me to do if I should live to see that?’ He said, ‘Stick to the main body (jama’ah) of the Muslims and their leader (imam).’ I asked, What if there is no main body and no leader?’ He said, ‘Isolate yourself from all of these sects, even if you have to eat the roots of trees until death overcomes you while you are in that state.’
Quran 1:7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “There was disagreement amongst Jews and they split into 72 groups. In exactly the same way, there will be disagreement and divisions in my Ummah. It will split into 73 groups. Except for one of these groups, all the remaining will be thrown into Hell.”
When asked about which group will be on the right path, the Messenger of Allah replied, “The group on the right path, which will enter Paradise, will be the group which follows my Sunnah and this will be the largest group of Muslims.”
[Tirmidhi; Imam Ahmad; Abu Dawud; Mishkat]
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be eternally upon him, said, “Without doubt, my Ummah will never be gathered in misguidance. Whenever you see disagreement, hold fast to the greater majority.”
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “”Follow the way of the largest group of Muslims! For he who deviates from this group will be thrown into Hell!”
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Allah will never allow my Ummah to unite upon misguidance and incorrect beliefs. Allah’s mercy, blessings and protection are with the largest group of Muslims. And he who deviates from the largest group of Muslims will be thrown into Hell.”
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “He who deviates himself from the largest group of Muslims, even as much as a hand span, has himself cut off his connection with Islam.”
[Abu Dawud; Imam Ahmed]
Quran 1:7 Sura Fatiha The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.
Who are on path of Astray?
Tabarani in Awsat narrates from Hassan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
الزموا مودتنا أهل البيت فانه من لقي الله وهو يودنا دخل الجنة بشفاعتنا والذي نفسى بيده لا ينفع عبداً عمل عمله الا بمعرفة حقنا
‘Make the love of our Ahl al-Bait compulsory for whoever meets Allah having love for us shall enter paradise with our intercession and By He in whose Hand is my life no deed will benefit a servant except by recognizing our right.’ [Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 3, Page 122, Hadith 2251 | Al-Shifa, Vol. 2, Page 48]
Not in the Path of those servants (Muslims) , who abuse and oppress ahlul bayt , destroy their houses and tombs!, Not in the Path of those who call them Mushrik and Kafir! Not in in the Path of those who demolish the tombs and graves of ahlul bayt!
NOT ON THE PATH OF HYPOCRITES:
Ibn Adee in Al-Kaleel narrates from Abu Sa’eed Khudri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
من ابغضنا اهل البيت فهو منافق
‘He is a hypocrite who has malice for our Ahl al-Bait.’ [Jawahir al-Aqdain, Vol. 2, Page 25]
NOT IN THE PATH OF THE PEOPLE OF HELL FIRE:
Tabarani narrates from Imam Hasan bin Ali that he said to Muaawiyya bin Khudayj:
يا معاوية بن خديج اياك وبغضنا فان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لا يبغضنا احد ولا يحسدنا احد الا زيل يوم القيامة عن الحوض بسياط من نار
‘O Muaawiya Ibn Khudayj guard yourself from having malice for us because undoubtedly the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said ‘No one has malice for us and no one is envious of us except on the day of Qiyaamah he will be kept away from the fountain by whips of fire.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 81, Hadith 2726 and Al-Awsat, Vol 3. Page 203, Hadith 4426]
NOT IN THE PATH OF ILLEGITIMATE, IMPURE AND INDECENT:
Ibn Adee and Bayhaqi, in Shau’ab ul Imaan, narrated from Sayyiduna Ali the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
من لم يعرف حق عترتي والانصار فهو لاحدى ثلاث اما منافق واما لدينه واما لغير طهرو يعني حملته امه على غير طهر
‘Whosoever did not recognise the right of my family and Ansaar is one of three; either a hypocrite, born illegitimate or conceived by his mother whilst she was impure.’ [Ibn Adee in Al-Kaamil, Vol. 3, Page 106 | Shau’ab al-Iman, Vol. 2, Page 232, Hadith 1614, Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 3, Page 662, Hadith 5955]
From the above Hadith we can see that Love and Obedience to the Imams and Shaykhs of Ahlul Bayt and their successors (Awliya Allah, the Saints of tasawwuf/Sufism) is the basis of our religion and success.
Prophet alaihiswalathu wa salam, loved his family and descendants, so to love them is also a Sunnah and to follow them and give their rights is what Prophet alaihiswalathu wa salam said to this nation.
Ibn Najjaar in his ‘Taarikh’ narrates from Hasan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
لكل شيء أساس وأساس الإسلام حب أصحاب رسول الله وحب أهل بيته
‘Everything has a base and the base of Islam is the love of the Prophet’s companions and love of his Ahl al-Bait.’ [Jami’ al-Ahadith, Vol. 3, Page 457, Hadith 9778 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 11, Page 2319, Hadith 32523 | Al-Musannaf]
So Wake up, don’t fool yourself by going behind so many misguided sects and groups, organizations and parties!
Wake up, it is time to come to the straight path, Insha Allah, May Allah help me ,help you and help everyone to follow the footstep of the Beloved Prophet alaihiswalathu wa salam, and the Imams of his ahlul bayt and those who followed them in Ihsan (Imams of ahlul sunnah wal jamah, awliya Allah and Shaykhs of Tasawwuf)
The Awliya Allah (Sufi Saints) are those who inherited the Quran,Sunnah and spirituality of Prophet and Imams Ahlul Bayt .
This is why, we seldom find any religious scholar, who were not a Sufi!
All the Imams of ahlu sunna were Madhab following Sufis.
Greater Majority of Muslims and their Imams loved and followed Imams of ahlul bayt and way of Sufis.
Shia who claim, they follow Imams of ahlul bayt, did not inherit the legacy of ahlul bayt, i.e Wilayath and the Islamic Caliphate,never in the history of Islam!.
قَالَتِ الْأَعْرَابُ آمَنَّا قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلَٰكِن قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الْإِيمَانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَإِن تُطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَا يَلِتْكُم مِّنْ أَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْئًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
The desert Arabs say, “We believe.” Say, “Ye have no faith; but ye (only) say, ‘We have submitted our wills to Allah,’ For not yet has Faith entered your hearts. But if ye obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not belittle aught of your deeds: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [49:14]
You can either follow Quran and traditions with whole heart or follow some and reject other , that fit your ego!
So ALLAH Says:
Quran 25:43 Have you seen the one whose god is his own ego? Will you be his advocate?
Quran 45:23 Have you noted the one whose god is his ego? Consequently, God sends him astray, despite his knowledge, seals his hearing and his mind, and places a veil on his eyes. Who then can guide him, after such a decision by God? Would you not take heed?
Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not satan’s footsteps ……
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱدۡخُلُواْ فِى ٱلسِّلۡمِ ڪَآفَّةً۬ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَٲتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَڪُمۡ عَدُوٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬ فَإِن زَلَلۡتُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَتۡڪُمُ ٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتُ فَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَڪِيمٌ هَلۡ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّآ أَن يَأۡتِيَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ فِى ظُلَلٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡغَمَامِ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕڪَةُ وَقُضِىَ ٱلۡأَمۡرُۚ وَإِلَى ٱللَّهِ تُرۡجَعُ ٱلۡأُمُورُ سَلۡ بَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ كَمۡ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُم مِّنۡ ءَايَةِۭ بَيِّنَةٍ۬ۗ وَمَن يُبَدِّلۡ نِعۡمَةَ ٱللَّهِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَتۡهُ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَيَسۡخَرُونَ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْۘ وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّقَوۡاْ فَوۡقَهُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬
“O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy. If ye backslide after the clear (signs) have come to you, then know that Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. Will they wait until Allah comes to them in canopies of clouds, with angels (in His train) and the question is (thus) settled? But to Allah do all questions go back (for decision). Ask the Children of Israel how many Clear (Signs) We have sent to them. But if anyone after Allah’s favour has come to him, substitutes (something else), Allah is strict in punishment. The life of this world is alluring to those who reject faith, and they scoff at those who believe. But the righteous will be above them on the Day of Resurrection; for Allah bestows His abundance without measures on whom He will.”
(Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208-212)
What I have written here, first of all, I am taking it and applying it to my own life first. may Allah forgive me for any disrespect or disobedience to Imams and Shaykhs of ahlul bayt , that if I had ever in my life…ameen